Buzzsaw Sharks Exhibit

Buzzsaw Shark at HDM September2016

Weird Science

Fossilized teeth that form a shape like a buzzsaw were found in the 1800’s but the type of creature they belonged to was not determined until 2013. A research team consisting of people with backgrounds in art, science, and digital technology solved the mystery. The whorl of teeth belonged to Helicoprion, the buzzsaw shark or whorl toothed shark. This exhibit brings the findings of that research to life through the artwork of Ray Troll and the sculptures of Gary Straub.

Buzzsaw Shark at HDM September2016A massive sculpture of the huge head of a buzzsaw shark bursts through the wall outside of the exhibit at the High Desert Museum and there are additional sculptures and detailed images inside the gallery. A large sculpture of a buzzsaw shark hangs over your head as you enter the gallery. The walls are covered with murals of waves and members of the shark family. Large colorful paintings show the shark family tree and how buzzsaw sharks swimming in the deep may have looked. Glass cases enclose fossils of the odd-shaped whorl of teeth. Projections of that whorl spin across the floor. Framed drawings of buzzsaw sharks hang on the walls. An interactive model of a buzzsaw shark skull shows the action of those formidable-looking teeth. You can sit on a comfy couch (emblazoned with a whorl pattern) and watch a video about the now-extinct shark.


When I was at the exhibit, I heard a five-year old boy entering the gallery with his family remark, “Wow! Mommy look at that!” Yes, this is a dramatic exhibit that contains a lot of visual interest and fascinating information. The whorl pattern is repeated throughout the exhibit. The artist also had a little fun with the exhibit by hiding several representations of cheeseburgers in the displays. Can you find any of them in the gallery?

Scientific research and art intertwine

buzzsaw3-sioAt first scientists could not figure out what the creature was that possessed the whorl of teeth or where exactly on the animal they were located. The 2013 research team, Team Helico, used CT scans and 3D digital modeling to figure out that it fit into the lower jaw of an ancient shark. Alaskan artist Ray Troll, has been obsessed with the buzzsaw shark for over 20 years and lent his expertise to the team at Idaho Museum of Natural History. Ray is a well-known natural history artist who has lectured at places such as Harvard and Yale. His work has appeared at the Smithsonian and is featured in the current High Desert Museum exhibit.

As part of their research, Team Helico tried to determine exactly how the buzzsaw shark’s jaw worked. It didn’t slice through the head of the shark because it was blocked by small “stops” on the jaw. The team thought it likely that it ate soft-bodied prey because there wasn’t much tooth wear. It probably grabbed and sliced its prey between its tooth whorl and upper jaw and then swallowed it down its gullet.

Buzzsaw Shark at HDM September2016As more and more of the distinctive whorl-shaped fossils were found in the early 20th century, scientists delineated many as separate species. Leif Tepanila and Jesse Pruitt, of the Idaho Museum of Natural History, did further analysis on the fossils and figured out there were only three distinct buzzsaw sharks species.

The teeth themselves are unique among sharks. Unlike other sharks, they formed a whorl as they grew and were never shed. A mature shark could have 150 or more teeth. New teeth form in a “tooth pit” in the back of the mouth and push the whorl forward when they erupt. They switch from being baby teeth to adult teeth at around tooth number 85. No one knows why their jaw has this unusual form.

A team effort

We are always thankful for the work of our staff on setting up exhibits but this particular exhibit was a little different. The artist wanted lots of participation from staff and volunteers on the background work. Images were projected onto the walls and then painstakingly painted by numerous people at the Museum. If you were one of the people who worked on the display, be sure to go into the exhibit to see the final product. The people who participated in this project had a variety of skill levels and some were nervous about doing it “right.” Everyone should be proud of their work because it all came together into a wonderful looking exhibit!

I am reprinting this article I wrote for the October 2016 issue of High Desert Voices, a newsletter for volunteers and staff at the High Desert Museum. The exhibit will be at the Museum until April 23, 2017. NOTE: This exhibit is no longer at the Museum.

To see a fast-speed video of the installment of this exhibit, go here.

Thomas Condon Paleontology Center = Amazing!

Thomas Condon Paleontology Center

If you drive just a couple of hours east of Bend, Oregon you’ll find strikingly painted hills and a center devoted to paleontology. The Thomas Condon Paleontology Center will impress you with fascinating information and artfully displayed artifacts. Wow! What a place.

Skulls at Paleontology Center

Thomas Condon in history

In 1862, minister and self-trained scientist Thomas Condon learned of fossils in the John Day basin. Soldiers stationed in the area told him about the fossils. He began excavating them in 1865 and sent specimens to the east coast for verification. There was a great amount of interest in what he uncovered. Condon was later appointed to be Oregon’s first state geologist due to his many discoveries.

Fossils at  Paleontology Center

Fossil collectors collected as much as they could as fast as they could for many years. In the late 1800s, John C. Merriam, Professor of Geology at the University of California, developed a new practice when collecting specimens. He took detailed notes about the layer of rock strata where each specimen was collected. Merriam, along with Ralph W. Chaney and Chester Stock, led the way in correlating the fossils found in each layer with the geological age of the strata.

Prep lab at John Day

As early as 1903, citizens became concerned over the preservation of the fossil beds. They wanted the area designated as a state park. They later pushed for the protection that national park status would provide. In 1975, the area was designated as the John Day National Monument. Ted Fremd, hired in 1984, served as the Monument’s first paleontologist. He developed a program of systematic prospecting, mapping, and radiometric dating of the rock layers. Scientists in a wide variety of fields helped determine the flora, fauna, and geology of the region.

Prep lab at John Day

Creation of the Thomas Condon Paleontology Center

The Thomas Condon Paleontology Center, built in 2003, houses fossils found in the three units of the Monument and areas nearby. It’s located in the Sheep Rock Unit near Dayville, Oregon. Visitors can get a good view of scientists carefully cleaning locally found fossils in a lab with large viewing windows. Scientists have found 2,200 species of plants and animals in the lands of this National Monument. The Center displays fossils in glass cases. Large murals, with re-creations of what the land may have looked like, decorate the walls. A small store with fossil and dinosaur-related products is located in the lobby.

Thomas Condon Paleontology Center

The Monument covers 14,000 acres in its three units. Services are limited in this rural area so plan in advance. There are several trails in the John Day Fossil Beds National Monument to give you a close-up view of the landscape. Since this is a National Monument, you cannot collect fossils.

You can dig for fossils on the hill located just behind Wheeler High School in the town of Fossil. I have collected fossils there and the site is easily accessible. For more information on collecting fossils there, go to Wheeler High School Fossil Beds.

Go to the John Day Fossil Beds National Monument site to find out more about the Thomas Condon Paleontology Center and other places to visit.

See my Painted Hills – An Oregon natural wonder for more about the Painted Hills Unit. A great place for photographs.